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防震小知识用英语讲

1.用英语介绍地震知识 。 本来是第2个回的。回完了才想起来没把中文的发上。 可是在回复中又显示不出我的回复。半天才有。 害我等了半天才重新编辑。希望可以帮到你吧。 Underst…

1.用英语介绍地震知识

本来是第2个回的。回完了才想起来没把中文的发上。

可是在回复中又显示不出我的回复。半天才有。

害我等了半天才重新编辑。希望可以帮到你吧。

Understood that the earthquake and the earthquake protect the general knowledge 了解地震与地震防护常识 (1) earthquake is the common natural phenomenon 地震是常见自然现象 The earthquake and daily sees the wind and rain, the thunder and lightning are the same, is one kind of more universal natural phenomenon. Statistics indicated that the world approximately has 5,000,000 times every year the earthquake, but 99% above earthquakes are the small earthquakes, the people are not easy to feel. But the intense burst characteristics earthquake often causes the human to be unexpected, thus causes the personnel casualty and the huge economic loss. 地震和日常所见的风雨、雷电一样,是一种较为普遍的自然现象。据统计,全世界每年约发生500万次地震,不过99%以上的地震是微小地震,人们不容易感觉到。

但强烈的突发性地震往往使人猝不及防,从而造成人员伤亡和巨大的经济损失。 (二) earthquake’s origin 地震的成因 The earth interior material does not stop the movement, will have an function in the rock layer tremendous strength. When this strength accumulates to the certain extent, may cause some crag the level to have, the distortion curving. Once the rock layer cannot withstand this kind changed, will have the sudden breakage, moving out of place, caused the intense vibration, this kind of vibration was the earthquake which we usually said. The earth interior has earthquake’s place to call the center of origin, the ground to be apart from the center of origin recent place to be called the epicenter earthquake’s size to be possible to use the magnitude and the earthquake intensity weighs. When magnitude expression earthquake emit energy size; The intensity expressed that earthquake degree which destroys to the ground. 地球内部物质不停运动,会产生一股作用于岩层的巨大力量。

当这股力量积累到一定程度时,可使一些岩 层发生弯曲、变形。一旦岩层承受不了这种变化的时候,就会发生急剧的破裂、错动,引起强烈振动,这种振动就是我们平时所说的地震。

地球内部发生地震的地方叫震源,地面距震源最近的地方叫震中地震的大小可以用地震震级和地震烈度来衡量。震级表示地震时释放能量的大小;烈度表示地震对地面破坏的程度。

(三) Earthquake’s type 地震的种类(1) Tectonic earthquake 构造地震 The tectonic earthquake is the earthquake which the earth structure movement causes. When the composition earth’s crust’s rock layer under the crustal stress function, has the incline or the bending strain, the local stress continues to strengthen, accumulates to surpasses the limit which the rock layer can withstand, along rock layer structure weak place. Has the break or the dislocation suddenly, causes the energy which accumulates for a long time to release suddenly, and to all around disseminates by the earthquake wave form causes the ground vibration. 构造地震是地球构造运动引起的地震。组成地壳的岩层在地应力作用下,发生倾斜或弯曲变形, 当地应力继续增强,积累到超过岩层所能承受的限度时,沿着岩层构造薄弱的地方。

突然发生断裂或错位,使长期积累起来的能量急剧地释放出来,并以地震波的形式向四周传播而引起地面的振动。 (2) Volcanic earthquake 火山地震 The volcanic earthquake is causes by the volcanic eruption. The volcanic earthquake mainly has two kinds: One kind when is volcanic eruption, because the rock magma impact earth’s crust or causes the earthquake which the local area rock layer occurs distorts and dislodges causes. After another kind is volcanic eruption, because the massive rock magma lose, the subsurface pressure reduces or the underground deep place supplies is inferior to, to present the cavity, thus causes the earthquake which the above cover’s rock layer break or the collapse produce. 火山地震是由火山爆发而引起的。

火山地震主要有两种:一种是火山爆发时, 由于岩浆冲击地壳或使局部地区岩层发生变形和变位而引起的地震。另一种是火山爆发后,由于大量岩浆损失,地下压力减小或地下深处补给不及, 出现空洞,从而引起上面覆盖的岩层断裂或塌陷而产生的地震。

(3) The depression earthquake depression earthquake is the local earthquake which causes as a result of the underground limestone cave or the mine worked-out section’s downcast. 陷落地震陷落地震是由于地下溶洞或矿山采空区的陷落而引起的局部地震。China earthquake intensity 中国地震烈度 Ⅰ 1.9 Does not have the feeling, only the instrument can record 无感,。

2.英语版防震小知识

DURING an earthquake: 1. STAY CALM. 2. Inside: Stand in a doorway, or crouch under a desk or table, away from windows or glass dividers. 3. Outside: Stand away from buildings, trees, telephone and electric lines. 4. On the road: Drive away from underpasses/overpasses; stop in safe area; stay in vehicle.AFTER an earthquake: 1. Check for injuries — provide first aid. 2. Check for safety — check for gas, water, sewage breaks; check for downed electrical lines and shorts; turn off appropriate utilities; check for building damage and potential safety problems during aftershocks, such as cracks around chimney and foundation. 3. Clean up dangerous spills. 4. Wear shoes. 5. Turn on radio and listen for instructions from public safety agencies. 6. Use the telephone only for emergency use。

3.英语版防震小知识

DURING an earthquake:

1. STAY CALM.

2. Inside: Stand in a doorway, or crouch under a desk or table, away from windows or glass dividers.

3. Outside: Stand away from buildings, trees, telephone and electric lines.

4. On the road: Drive away from underpasses/overpasses; stop in safe area; stay in vehicle.

AFTER an earthquake:

1. Check for injuries — provide first aid.

2. Check for safety — check for gas, water, sewage breaks; check for downed electrical lines and shorts; turn off appropriate utilities; check for building damage and potential safety problems during aftershocks, such as cracks around chimney and foundation.

3. Clean up dangerous spills.

4. Wear shoes.

5. Turn on radio and listen for instructions from public safety agencies.

6. Use the telephone only for emergency use.

4.有没有英语翻译的防震小常识

Here are some guidelines to staying safe in earthquakes.

Things that you will need: Portable Radios, First Aid Kits, Fire Extinguishers and Flashlights;

Step 1

Stay inside and duck and cover. Get underneath a desk or table, or stand in a corner or under a doorway. Cover your head and neck with your arms.

Step 2

Move against an interior wall if in a high-rise building with no protective desk or table nearby. Cover your head and neck with your arms.

Step 3

Try to get into an open area away from trees, buildings, walls, signs and power lines if outdoors.

Step 4

Pull over to the side of the road away from overpasses and power lines if driving. Stay in your car until the shaking ends.

Step 5

Get away from shelves or other areas where objects may fall if in a crowded store or public area. Do not run for the door. Crouch and cover your head and neck with your hands and arms.

Step 6

Stay in your seat if in a stadium or a theater. Get below the level of the back of the seat and cover your head and neck with your arms.

Tips and Warnings:

· If you take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture, hold on to it and be prepared to move with it.

· Try to stay away from kitchens and garages, where there are often many objects that might fall.

5.用英语介绍地震知识

This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. For other uses, see Earthquake (disambiguation).An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes are recorded with a seismometer, also known as a seismograph. The moment magnitude of an earthquake is conventionally reported, or the related and mostly obsolete Richter magnitude, with magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes being mostly imperceptible and magnitude 7 causing serious damage over large areas. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale.At the Earth’s surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by a shaking and sometimes displacement of the ground. When a large earthquake epicenter is located offshore, the seabed sometimes suffers sufficient displacement to cause a tsunami. The shaking in earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally volcanic activity。

6.有没有英语翻译的防震小常识

Here are some guidelines to staying safe in earthquakes. Things that you will need: Portable Radios, First Aid Kits, Fire Extinguishers and Flashlights; Step 1 Stay inside and duck and cover. Get underneath a desk or table, or stand in a corner or under a doorway. Cover your head and neck with your arms. Step 2 Move against an interior wall if in a high-rise building with no protective desk or table nearby. Cover your head and neck with your arms. Step 3 Try to get into an open area away from trees, buildings, walls, signs and power lines if outdoors. Step 4 Pull over to the side of the road away from overpasses and power lines if driving. Stay in your car until the shaking ends. Step 5 Get away from shelves or other areas where objects may fall if in a crowded store or public area. Do not run for the door. Crouch and cover your head and neck with your hands and arms. Step 6 Stay in your seat if in a stadium or a theater. Get below the level of the back of the seat and cover your head and neck with your arms. Tips and Warnings: · If you take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture, hold on to it and be prepared to move with it. · Try to stay away from kitchens and garages, where there are often many objects that might fall.。

7.求“关于地震的常识”(英文)

An earthquake is the shaking of the ground caused by an abrupt shift of rock along a fracture in the Earth, called a fault. Within seconds, an earthquake releases stress that has slowly accumulated within the rock, sometimes over hundreds of years. The size of an earthquake is indicated by a number called its magnitude.

Earthquakes have the power to uproot trees and send them crashing into buildings. They can trigger landslides and avalanches, and cause flooding and tsunamis. Human structures are also at risk. It is interesting to note that tall buildings will sustain the least damage if they are located directly at the epicenter. This is because they can withstand the up-and-down motion of P-waves. S-waves, on the other hand, occur far away from the epicenter, and cause the greatest stress by shaking buildings from side to side. These buildings are often knocked off their foundations.

Scientists are continuously thinking of ways to try and reduce earthquake power. Some are trying to lessen the friction between colliding plates. They poured water down a fault where two plates were grinding together. The water “lubricated” the fault, letting one piece jerk free with a number of little earthquakes and preventing a large tremor. Architects are also designing earthquake-proof buildings, constructing on rock instead of gravel, or on soft sand or clay. Researchers are always trying to reduce the impact of earthquakes. They continue to study and experiment with ways to tame the Earth. However, we all still have much more to learn before we can control the power of one of nature’s most amazing phenomena.

防震小知识用英语讲

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